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RISE OF THE SAFAVI DYNASTY       255
993 (I585) he killed 20,000 of the enemy. Yet again,
a month later, he inflicted crushing losses on the invaders;
but shortly afterwards he himself suffered defeat because
300.0 of his men were driven into a marsh. Not a whit
discouraged^ the intrepid Persian raided across the Aras
and ravaged Salmas and Erivan. But internal divisions
prevented these victories from bearing fruit, and Tabriz
remained in the hands of the Turks. A plot contrived
by the tribesmen to exclude Hamza Mirza from the
throne proved futile, but the gallant Prince was assassinated
by one of his favourites in A.H. 995 (1587), and with his
death all immediate hope of expelling the invaders dis-
appeared.